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Scientific and technical journal established by OSTU. Media registration number: ПИ № ФС77-75780 dated May 23, 2019. ISSN: 2220-4245. Subscription index in the online catalog «Subscription Press» (www.akc.ru): E28002. Subscription to the electronic version is available on the «Rucont» platform.
The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index and in the List of Russian Scientific Journals .

Search results

  • V.4(28), 2016

    The increase of the diesel locomotive engines cylinder heads durability

    The technical condition of the cylinder-piston group has significant effect on the reliable operation of the diesel locomotive engines. The most susceptible to the premature failure is the head of cylinders. It is caused by the heat release rate of the combustion chamber detail. The increase of the diesel locomotive engines cylinder heads durability in operation causes the relevance of the researches. In the article the set of the factors influencing on the diesel locomotive engine cylinder heads durability is defined, their main groups and subgroups are found. In the offered classification the subjective factors which directly depend on the human activity are dominated. It is possible to reduce the influence of the subjective factors by means of the human activity wrong solutions reduction while operating and repairing locomotives. The measures that improve diesel locomotive engine operation and positively affect the reliability of the cylinder heads are considered. Simple in implementation methods to extend the service life of the cylinder-piston group are offered. They are decreasing temperatures gradient during the post-stopping period of the power point and upgrading cooling system.
  • V.4(16), 2013

    Settlement pilot studies of air-gas systemof the diesel locomotive

    Article is devoted to settlement pilot studies of air-gas system of the diesel locomotive improved by a cyclone-electrofilter. The main attention is paid to determination of the overall performance, the developed air-gas system. The mathematical model of gasdynamic processes of air-gas system which allows to estimate influence of a geometrical configuration and electro-dynamic impacts on process of purification of the fulfilled gases from firm soot is constructed. Comparison of the obtained settlement data with experimental is carried out.
  • V.3(15), 2013

    Modelling of the electrotechnical complex in «the asynchronous engine - the centrifugal pump» system

    In article questions of modeling of dynamic processes of system «the asynchronous engine - the centrifugal pump» pump installations are considered. The developed mathematical model is based on joint consideration of mechanical, hydraulic and electric subsystems of which the considered complex as a whole consists.
  • V.1(25), 2016

    Assessment of uniformity of vibration parameters of an electric train's standard assemblies

    To improve the reliability of the detection of a technical condition of the mechanical components of rail rolling stock and calculate the critical values of the parameters put forward the hypothesis of the homogeneity of groups of similar nodes mechanical electron-tropoezda. As part of an experiment to verify this hypothesis, carried out the collection of information about the values of vibration parameters of electric components in the movement; the technique and the statistical analysis of the measured vibration parameters for the same type of bonds-fishing.
  • V.4(20), 2014

    A new approach to clean air for railway

    The article considers the existing methods for solving problems to improve the purification of compressed air in the brake system of the rolling stock. Presents the disadvantages of these methods and proposed a fundamentally new method of purification of compressed air, not previously used on rolling stock.
  • V.1(33), 2018

    Analysis of modern technical diagnostics methodsapplied for monitoring of diesel lokomotive fuel equipment

    In this article, the main methods of technical diagnostics of diesel fuel equipment are considered. The faults they detect are listed. The principles of the methods work are examined in detail, the shortcomings and advantages of the chosen methods are revealed.
  • V.2(18), 2014

    The wide-layer welding of the solid wheel`s comb by the many-elektrode way

    The results of the experimental study of the termal cycle of many-electrode welding of the solid wheel`s comb and its influences in work upon structurization in zone of the termal influence are presented.
  • V.3(23), 2015

    Mathematical modeling of vertical dynamics of locomotives of a new generation

    In article on the basis of the analysis of design undercarriage locomotives of new generation built the design scheme and formed their mathematical model of the vertical dynamics. Using already known techniques simplify the mathematical models derived a mathematical model of the vertical dynamics of the conditional «uniaxial» locomotive of the new generation and the calculations of the dynamic and traction qualities of the train crew with parameters passenger locomotive EP2K.
  • V.3(31), 2017

    Particularities of vibration condition of transport object. dynamical damping of vibration by two coordinates: new approaches

    The new dynamic effects, arising in problems of vibration protection of objects at external perturbations from the bearing surfaces, are considered.A method of constructing mathematical models for the vibration-protection system, in which protection of an object has two degrees of freedom, is developed. The possibilities of the introduction of additional ties in the form of devices for converting the movement are shown. The possibilities of using screw non self-locking mechanisms with nuts - flywheels, reduced moment of inertia may be regulated are estimated. The technique of constructing frequency chart, showing the possible forms of realization of the dynamic effects, is offered. The conditions of the realization of new physical effects in the form of simultaneous dynamic vibration damping of the solid at the same time by two coordinates at the kinematic system perturbation are determined. Results of numerical modeling are given.
  • V.3(19), 2014

    Modeling accumulation of products depreciation in engine oil of diesel d49

    Process operating diesel locomotive associated with the gradual deterioration of parts of the cylinder-piston and crank mechanism. Periodic assessment without taking for the pieces of these groups is possible when using a method based on an analysis of the current values of the control concentration of wear. One of the main problems in the implementation of this method is the problem of estimating the amount of metal worn with controlled parts on the analysis of the current values of the concentration of wear. The article describes the method of calculation and simulation results of the system clean engine oil diesel D49.
  • V.4(36), 2018

    Ways to improve the energy efficiency of electric locomotives operated passenger

    Currently operating on the network of Russian Railways passenger electric locomotives, while driving trains on different difficulty stages, not equally utilize the available capacity and work with different energy performance. The purpose of the work is to consider the energy efficiency of passenger electric locomotives when driving trains on certain sections of Railways and to determine ways to improve their energy performance. To achieve this goal, the work of passenger locomotives EP1 and EP2K on the sections of the mid-Siberian railway was analyzed, the average mass of passenger trains and their speed were determined, the values of the power realized by electric locomotives in operation were calculated, as well as the rational values of the power and mass of locomotives needed for driving passenger trains on the considered sections of the track, and a comparative assessment of the possible operation of electric locomotives with rational values of power and mass with the operated locomotives EP1 and EP2K. On the basis of the comparative analysis, the conclusion is made about the available reserves for increasing the energy indicators of passenger electric locomotives in certain sections of the Russian Railways, such as the operation of locomotives with rational values of power and mass required to provide modern passenger transportation, and the method of determining the energy efficiency of electric locomotives, which allows without calculating the traction and energy characteristics to estimate the cost of electricity for traction of trains.
  • V.2(14), 2013

    Modeling asynchronous frequency drive through mutual load method

    A kinematical system of the test bench for experimental investigations of the frequency asynchronous driving gear is consider. Description of the kinematical system and mathematical model on the assumption of back-to-back is produces. As well as example of construction of the mechanical data family on basis of experimental data taking into account of the inner loss in the system is produces. Dynamical model of the asynchronous motor and results of the modeling in matlab simulink is produces.
  • V.3(27), 2016

    Ways to reduce a heat loss viscous oil cargo during railway transportation

    Solidifying transportation of goods by rail, namely, tank wagons is accompanied a number of difficulties. These include: lowering the temperature of the transported oil, accompanied by the growth of its viscosity, the inability to quickly discharge, change in performance of transported oil products, an increase in idle tank cars. The analysis of the cooling rate of the goods transported, depending on the size and thickness of the insulating layer. Introduced formulas show that the presence of the heat-insulating sheath is cylindrical vessel radius deviation from the optimum value. When this thermal insulation reduces considerably the heat transfer coefficient in the surrounding area and to accelerate the discharge process.
  • V.4(24), 2015

    Improvement of diagnostic provision for wheel-motor units of electric trains

    The results of experimental research on the diagnostic features of wheel-motor unit assemblies dependence on the speed of the wheel-pair. The parameters of the distribution of diagnostic features are given and a method of providing higher reliability of diagnostics of electric train WMU is provided
  • V.2(22), 2015

    Calculation of settings centrifugal filter of diesel oil system

    The reliability of diesel engines is mainly determined by the reliability of operation parts of the cylinder-piston group and crank mechanism. High-quality cleaning of engine oil during operation of mechanical impurities, provided filters coarse, fine filter and centrifugal filter, reduces the rate of wear and tear. The results of simulation of a centrifugal filter to assess its efficiency and the quality of screenings of particles of different sizes in the process of exploitation.
  • V.1(13), 2013

    Research of the rational hardness ratio in the «wheel – rail» system

    Article is devoted to one of actual problems – to definition of the rational hardness ratio of wheel and rail. The mathematical model of wear process of friction pair «wheel – rail» is developed. Results of researches on intensity of wear process of wheel and rail are presented.
  • V.2(30), 2017

    Evaluation of technical condition of the diesel power plant fuel system

    The article discusses the approach to evaluation of technical condition of the diesel locomotive power plant fuel system as a part of an integrated microprocessor control systems. Presents an approach of generalized evaluation of technical condition of the power plant fuel system. By results of the analysis of a fuel system graph model set of control parameters is selected, the algorithm allowing to establish the reasons of controlled parameters output of admissible limits is developed.
  • V.4(16), 2013

    Diagnostics of the fuel equipment of diesel diesels according to the analysis of movement of a needle nozzle

    The way of diagnosing allowing without removal and dismantling of a nozzle on the working engine to define the chart of movement of a needle of a spray by means of the sensor of pressure, established in a cavity over a nozzle needle is offered, to estimate the valid corner of an advancing of injection of fuel and a technical condition of a nozzle of the diesel.
  • V.3(15), 2013

    Analysis of operating performance of freight trains and its ways of increasing

    The analysis of the operational efficiency of freight cars circulating on the Russian railways, shows a lack of basic truck models 18-100 and its modifications and foreign counterparts. We propose a method for increasing the efficiency of the dynamic properties of the freight car with a cart, which has a new design of spring suspension, based on the principle of compensation of external disturbances and presented its advantages.
  • V.4(32), 2017

    Losses power in knots and units as the indicatorof efficiency of use the locomotive

    In article examines the indicator of the energy efficiency of the locomotive as an indicator of the quality repair and use the power (energy efficiency) of the locomotive. This indicator is calculated for electric locomotives that have undergone current repair of MW-3 or repair of a similar volume, based on the predicted additional power losses in the limiting units and units of the locomotive, determined taking into account their technical parameters and characteristics obtained as a result of the repair. The application of the proposed indicator as an indicator the efficiency the use of electric locomotives will allow to influence the improvement of their technical condition through the management the quality of repairs and the use of power.
  • V.1(25), 2016

    Accounting for joint work teams of single walled elements shell construction of railway rolling stock

    In this paper we presented an option accounting compliance joints through mathematical modeling of prefabricated single-walled cylindrical geometric op-totropnyh shells on the basis of the contact boundary value problem of structural type.
  • V.1(29), 2017

    Ways to reduce electric power consumption in the operation of locomotives on flat sections of railways

    Electricity consumption for traction depends on a number of operational parameters, including the use of power of electric rolling stock. Due to the fact that the Russian Railways are characterized by pronounced uneven sections of track, which, along with the hilly-mountain and mountain profile and has flat stretches long-haul locomotives when operating on different difficulty sections of the road have a different load and therefore operated with a different energy indicators. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the energy performance of the electric locomotives for driving passenger trains on flat terrain and the possible ways to increase their energy efficiency. To achieve this goal was the analysis of passenger electric locomotives EP2K on a flat site Novosibirsk-Omsk, West-Siberian railway, the mean values of the speeds and masses of passenger trains have been calculated for capacity, utilization factor, power rating and efficiency of electric locomotives. On the basis of the conducted research it was determined that the EP2K electric locomotives in the plains of the Railways a large extent operate in inefficient modes, due to their excess capacity, which is impossible to implement. In this regard, it was concluded that reserves of energy saving in those areas of Railways, where the operating conditions there is a clear underutilization of the capacity of the locomotives, a method of increasing the efficiency of their use through the use of a stepped power control and comparative evaluation of EP2K electric locomotives on all parts and traction motors.
  • V.4(20), 2014

    Implementation of integrated thermal control contactless knots diesel locomotives

    In article stages realization of complex systems non-contact thermal control of the main knots and systems locomotives are considered. The developed techniques of an assessment technical conditions sections refrigerators, electrical machines and the fuel equipment of a high pressure locomotives with use thermovision control method are presented.
  • V.1(37), 2019

    Development of evaluation method of formation short circuit in the power circuits of the inverter of electric locomotive

    The article presents a method for determining the thyristor shoulders of the rectifier-inverter converter (inverter) of an electric locomotive, on which the control pulses are passed. The method is based on the analysis of the duration of the current switching of the thyristors of the inverter shoulders and the rate of rise of the rectified current in the inverter circuit of the electric locomotive. The implementation of the method is carried out by refining the software of the microprocessor control system of the electric locomotive. The simulation of electromagnetic processes of rectifier inverter Converter of AC locomotive series 3es5k "Ermak" in the mode of regenerative braking during emergency operation is carried out on the example of missing control pulses on thyristor shoulders VS2 and VS7. As a result of modeling, data are obtained that confirm the effectiveness of the method proposed by the authors
  • V.3(19), 2014

    Feasibility study on application smesevs of types of fuel in diesel diesels

    The main direction of decrease in operational costs on draft of trains is reduction of expenses by fuel and energy resources, decrease in repair expenses at the expense of increase of indicators of operational reliability of power installations of a diesel rolling stock. It is obvious that the solution of these problems, now when operational profitability of diesels and their reliability are on a limit for the developed service conditions and production of diesel locomotives, it is possible at the expense of application of alternative types of the fuel which use will allow to raise both reliability of a diesel rolling stock, and its profitability under operating conditions. One of such alternative fuels can, is either natural gas, or household oil gas, that is a butane and propane mix in various ratios. In the present article on the basis of mathematical models possible ecological and economic efficiency of use of мix types of fuel on the example of the diesel 2A - 5D49 is shown.